What is the distinction between NRE and NRO Accounts?

Balances held in NRE accounts can be repatriated abroad freely, whereas funds in NRO accounts cannot be remitted abroad but have to be used only for local payments in rupees. Funds due to the non-resident accountholder which do not qualify, under the Exchange Control regulations, for remittance outside India are required to be credited to NRO accounts.

Type of Account Currency Repatriable/Non-Repatriable
NRE-Non Resident External INR Freely Repatriable
NRO-Non Resident External INR Non Repatriable
FCNR-Foreign Currency Non Resident USD, GBP, JPY, EUR, CAD and AUD Repatriable